Climate change vulnerability assessments

The boundaries and names shown, and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations or IUCN

Name

Boucle de la Pendjari

  • WDPA ID

    597

  • Country

    BEN

  • IUCN category

    II

Species vulnerable to climate change

According to Traits-based Vulnerability Assessments (TVAs)

Vulnerable Species Total Species
Amphibian
4
30
Bird
34
361
Mammal
5
107
Total
43
498

8 % of bird, amphibian, and mammal species assessed are considered vulnerable to climate change

Expected species turnover

According to Species Distribution Models (SDMs)

Percentage of species turnover: Median (95% Confidence Interval)

by 2010-2039 by 2040-2069
Bird
  • 8.1%
  • 10.1%
  • 19.1%
  • 11.3%
  • 16.3%
  • 30.7%
Mammal
  • 8.7%
  • 11.2%
  • 20.0%
  • 11.5%
  • 21.9%
  • 33.3%
Amphibian
  • 7.0%
  • 12.5%
  • 27.1%
  • 9.7%
  • 26.2%
  • 48.6%

Vulnerable species

Name Order Exposure

by 2010-2039   by 2040-2069

IUCN Red List category Sensitivity

to climate change

Adaptability

to climate change

Caprimulgus europaeus Caprimulgiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Low reproductive capacity
Falco peregrinus Falconiformes
LC
  • Microhabitat specialisation
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Low genetic diversity
  • Slow turnover of generations
Himantopus himantopus Charadriiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
Lybius vieilloti Piciformes
LC
  • Microhabitat specialisation
  • Small population size
  • Small effective population size
  • Low intrinsic dispersal capacity´┐╝
  • Slow turnover of generations
Pelecanus onocrotalus Pelecaniformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
  • Low reproductive capacity
Tringa totanus Charadriiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
Anas crecca Anseriformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
Chelictinia riocourii Falconiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Small population size
  • Small effective population size
  • Slow turnover of generations
Ciconia nigra Ciconiiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
Numenius arquata Charadriiformes
NT
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
Rhinopomastus aterrimus Coraciiformes
LC
  • Microhabitat specialisation
  • Low Tolerance to changes in precipitation regimes
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Small population size
  • Small effective population size
  • Slow turnover of generations
  • Low reproductive capacity
Torgos tracheliotos Falconiformes
VU
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Small population size
  • Small effective population size
  • Slow turnover of generations
  • Low reproductive capacity
Apus apus Apodiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
Circus macrourus Falconiformes
NT
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
Falco alopex Falconiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to changes in precipitation regimes
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Small population size
  • Small effective population size
  • Slow turnover of generations
Falco subbuteo Falconiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
Ortyxelos meiffrenii Gruiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Small population size
  • Small effective population size
  • Low reproductive capacity
Anas acuta Anseriformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
Apus pallidus Apodiformes
LC
  • Microhabitat specialisation
  • Slow turnover of generations
Bucorvus abyssinicus Coraciiformes
LC
  • Microhabitat specialisation
  • Small population size
  • Small effective population size
  • Low intrinsic dispersal capacity´┐╝
  • Slow turnover of generations
  • Low reproductive capacity
Accipiter erythropus Falconiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to changes in precipitation regimes
  • Small effective population size
  • Slow turnover of generations
  • Low reproductive capacity
Ciconia ciconia Ciconiiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
Circus pygargus Falconiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
Glareola cinerea Charadriiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to changes in precipitation regimes
  • Slow turnover of generations
  • Low reproductive capacity
Hieraaetus pennatus Falconiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
  • Low reproductive capacity
Lymnocryptes minimus Charadriiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Extrinsic barriers to dispersal
Tringa erythropus Charadriiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Extrinsic barriers to dispersal
Circaetus gallicus Falconiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
  • Low reproductive capacity
Tachymarptis melba Apodiformes
LC
  • Microhabitat specialisation
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
Upupa epops Coraciiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
Circaetus beaudouini Falconiformes
VU
  • Small population size
  • Small effective population size
  • Slow turnover of generations
  • Low reproductive capacity
Circus aeruginosus Falconiformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
Neophron percnopterus Falconiformes
EN
  • Microhabitat specialisation
  • Low Tolerance to temperature changes
  • Slow turnover of generations
  • Low reproductive capacity
Elminia longicauda Passeriformes
LC
  • Low Tolerance to changes in precipitation regimes
  • Small population size
  • Small effective population size
  • Low reproductive capacity

The full description of the methodology used for this assessment can be downloaded here: Traits-based Vulnerability Assessments

Expected changes in climate suitability

Name By 2010-2039 By 2040-2069
Lybius vieilloti
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Chelictinia riocourii
NO CHANGE
DEC
Rhinopomastus aterrimus
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Falco alopex
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Ortyxelos meiffrenii
NO CHANGE
DEC
Struthio camelus
INC
INC
Ardeotis arabs
INC
INC
Streptopelia roseogrisea
INC
INC
Nectarinia chloropygia
INC
INC
Telacanthura ussheri
INC
INC
Tauraco persa
INC
INC
Bubo poensis
INC
NO CHANGE
Bycanistes fistulator
INC
NO CHANGE
Campethera nivosa
NO CHANGE
INC
Cossypha cyanocampter
INC
INC
Nicator chloris
INC
INC
Andropadus gracilis
INC
NO CHANGE
Baeopogon indicator
INC
NO CHANGE
Chlorocichla simplex
INC
NO CHANGE
Pogoniulus scolopaceus
INC
NO CHANGE
Pogoniulus bilineatus
INC
INC
Sylvietta virens
INC
INC
Camaroptera chloronota
INC
INC
Columba iriditorques
INC
NO CHANGE
Nectarinia verticalis
INC
INC
Pogoniulus atroflavus
INC
NO CHANGE
Nectarinia superba
INC
INC
Fraseria cinerascens
INC
INC
Phyllastrephus albigularis
INC
NO CHANGE
Glareola nuchalis
INC
INC
Nectarinia johannae
INC
NO CHANGE
Sylvietta denti
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Nectarinia seimundi
INC
NO CHANGE
Thescelocichla leucopleura
NO CHANGE
INC
Corythaeola cristata
INC
NO CHANGE
Lamprotornis splendidus
INC
INC
Corvus ruficollis
INC
INC
Cursorius cursor
INC
INC
Bycanistes albotibialis
INC
NO CHANGE
Scotopelia bouvieri
INC
INC
Nectarinia rubescens
INC
NO CHANGE
Tigriornis leucolopha
INC
INC
Accipiter melanoleucus
INC
INC
Accipiter ovampensis
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Accipiter tachiro
INC
INC
Acrocephalus rufescens
INC
INC
Aenigmatolimnas marginalis
INC
INC
Agapornis pullarius
INC
INC
Alaemon alaudipes
INC
INC
Alcedo leucogaster
NO CHANGE
INC
Alethe diademata
INC
INC
Alethe poliocephala
INC
NO CHANGE
Amadina fasciata
INC
INC
Amandava subflava
INC
INC
Amblyospiza albifrons
NO CHANGE
INC
Ammomanes deserti
INC
INC
Anaplectes rubriceps
DEC
DEC
Anas capensis
INC
INC
Anas hottentota
INC
INC
Anas sparsa
INC
INC
Anastomus lamelligerus
INC
INC
Andropadus gracilirostris
INC
INC
Andropadus virens
INC
INC
Anomalospiza imberbis
INC
INC
Anthoscopus punctifrons
INC
INC
Anthreptes collaris
INC
INC
Anthreptes fraseri
INC
NO CHANGE
Anthreptes gabonicus
INC
INC
Anthreptes longuemarei
DEC
DEC
Anthreptes platurus
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Anthus leucophrys
DEC
NO CHANGE
Anthus similis
INC
INC
Apalis flavida
INC
INC
Apaloderma narina
INC
INC
Aplopelia larvata
INC
INC
Apus caffer
NO CHANGE
DEC
Aquila rapax
NO CHANGE
DEC
Aquila wahlbergi
INC
INC
Ardea melanocephala
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Balaeniceps rex
INC
INC
Bleda canicapillus
INC
INC
Bubalornis albirostris
INC
INC
Bubo africanus
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Burhinus senegalensis
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Bycanistes subcylindricus
INC
NO CHANGE
Campethera cailliautii
INC
INC
Campethera maculosa
NO CHANGE
INC
Caprimulgus inornatus
INC
INC
Caprimulgus natalensis
NO CHANGE
INC
Caprimulgus nigriscapularis
NO CHANGE
INC
Caprimulgus tristigma
DEC
DEC
Centropus monachus
INC
INC
Cercomela familiaris
NO CHANGE
DEC
Cercotrichas podobe
INC
INC
Charadrius forbesi
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Charadrius marginatus
INC
INC
Charadrius pecuarius
NO CHANGE
DEC
Ciconia abdimii
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Circaetus cinerascens
NO CHANGE
DEC
Circaetus cinereus
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Cisticola aberrans
DEC
NO CHANGE
Cisticola aridulus
INC
INC
Cisticola eximius
INC
INC
Cisticola galactotes
INC
INC
Cisticola guinea
INC
INC
Cisticola lateralis
INC
INC
Cisticola robustus
INC
NO CHANGE
Cisticola ruficeps
INC
INC
Cisticola rufus
INC
INC
Cisticola troglodytes
NO CHANGE
INC
Clamator glandarius
NO CHANGE
DEC
Columba guinea
NO CHANGE
DEC
Coracias abyssinicus
NO CHANGE
DEC
Coracias naevia
DEC
DEC
Coracina pectoralis
DEC
DEC
Corvus rhipidurus
INC
INC
Cossypha albicapilla
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Cossypha natalensis
INC
INC
Coturnix delegorguei
INC
INC
Cuculus clamosus
NO CHANGE
DEC
Cuculus solitarius
INC
INC
Cypsiurus parvus
NO CHANGE
DEC
Dendrocopos obsoletus
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Dendropicos fuscescens
INC
INC
Dicrurus ludwigii
INC
INC
Drymocichla incana
INC
NO CHANGE
Egretta ardesiaca
INC
INC
Egretta gularis
INC
INC
Emberiza cabanisi
INC
INC
Emberiza striolata
INC
INC
Eremopterix nigriceps
INC
INC
Erythrocercus mccallii
INC
NO CHANGE
Erythropygia galactotes
INC
INC
Erythropygia leucosticta
INC
NO CHANGE
Estrilda astrild
NO CHANGE
INC
Estrilda melpoda
INC
INC
Estrilda troglodytes
INC
INC
Euplectes ardens
INC
INC
Euplectes axillaris
INC
INC
Euplectes macroura
INC
NO CHANGE
Eupodotis savilei
INC
NO CHANGE
Eupodotis senegalensis
NO CHANGE
DEC
Eurystomus gularis
INC
NO CHANGE
Falco biarmicus
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Falco chicquera
NO CHANGE
DEC
Falco cuvierii
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Francolinus ahantensis
INC
INC
Francolinus albogularis
INC
INC
Francolinus clappertoni
INC
INC
Francolinus coqui
INC
INC
Francolinus icterorhynchus
INC
NO CHANGE
Guttera pucherani
INC
NO CHANGE
Gypohierax angolensis
INC
INC
Halcyon chelicuti
DEC
DEC
Halcyon malimbica
INC
INC
Heliolais erythropterus
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Hieraaetus ayresii
INC
INC
Hieraaetus spilogaster
DEC
DEC
Hippolais pallida
INC
INC
Hirundo aethiopica
INC
NO CHANGE
Hirundo fuligula
NO CHANGE
DEC
Hirundo nigrita
INC
NO CHANGE
Hirundo preussi
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Hirundo senegalensis
DEC
NO CHANGE
Hylia prasina
INC
INC
Hyliota flavigaster
INC
INC
Hyliota violacea
INC
NO CHANGE
Indicator exilis
INC
INC
Indicator indicator
DEC
DEC
Indicator maculatus
INC
INC
Indicator willcocksi
INC
INC
Lagonosticta rara
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Lagonosticta rhodopareia
INC
INC
Lagonosticta rubricata
INC
INC
Lagonosticta senegala
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Lamprotornis chalcurus
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Lamprotornis chalybaeus
INC
INC
Lamprotornis pulcher
INC
INC
Laniarius aethiopicus
INC
INC
Laniarius erythrogaster
NO CHANGE
INC
Lanius collaris
INC
INC
Lanius excubitoroides
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Lanius gubernator
INC
INC
Lonchura bicolor
INC
INC
Lonchura cantans
INC
INC
Lonchura cucullata
INC
INC
Lonchura fringilloides
INC
INC
Macheiramphus alcinus
NO CHANGE
DEC
Malaconotus blanchoti
DEC
DEC
Malimbus nitens
NO CHANGE
INC
Mandingoa nitidula
INC
NO CHANGE
Melaenornis edolioides
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Melierax gabar
NO CHANGE
DEC
Melierax metabates
NO CHANGE
DEC
Melocichla mentalis
INC
INC
Merops hirundineus
DEC
DEC
Merops pusillus
NO CHANGE
DEC
Mesopicos goertae
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Microparra capensis
INC
INC
Mirafra africana
INC
INC
Mirafra albicauda
INC
INC
Mirafra cantillans
INC
INC
Mirafra cordofanica
INC
INC
Motacilla aguimp
INC
INC
Muscicapa gambagae
INC
INC
Myioparus plumbeus
INC
INC
Myrmecocichla aethiops
INC
INC
Necrosyrtes monachus
NO CHANGE
DEC
Nectarinia adelberti
INC
NO CHANGE
Nectarinia cuprea
INC
INC
Nectarinia olivacea
INC
INC
Nectarinia pulchella
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Nectarinia venusta
INC
INC
Neotis denhami
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Nesocharis capistrata
INC
INC
Nigrita bicolor
INC
INC
Nigrita fusconotus
INC
INC
Nilaus afer
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Numida meleagris
DEC
DEC
Oena capensis
INC
INC
Oenanthe heuglini
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Onychognathus morio
INC
INC
Oriolus nigripennis
INC
NO CHANGE
Otus leucotis
DEC
DEC
Otus senegalensis
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Pachycoccyx audeberti
INC
INC
Passer luteus
INC
INC
Petronia pyrgita
INC
INC
Phoenicopterus roseus
INC
INC
Phyllanthus atripennis
INC
INC
Plegadis falcinellus
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Ploceus nigerrimus
INC
INC
Ploceus nigricollis
INC
INC
Ploceus vitellinus
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Pogoniulus chrysoconus
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Poicephalus robustus
INC
INC
Polemaetus bellicosus
NO CHANGE
DEC
Polyboroides typus
INC
INC
Prionops caniceps
INC
INC
Prodotiscus regulus
INC
INC
Psalidoprocne obscura
INC
INC
Psalidoprocne pristoptera
INC
INC
Pterocles lichtensteinii
INC
INC
Pterocles senegallus
INC
NO CHANGE
Ptilopachus petrosus
NO CHANGE
DEC
Pyrenestes ostrinus
INC
INC
Pyrrhurus scandens
INC
INC
Pytilia hypogrammica
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Pytilia melba
INC
INC
Quelea quelea
INC
INC
Rallus caerulescens
INC
NO CHANGE
Sagittarius serpentarius
NO CHANGE
DEC
Schoenicola brevirostris
INC
NO CHANGE
Serinus gularis
NO CHANGE
DEC
Serinus leucopygius
INC
INC
Spermophaga haematina
NO CHANGE
INC
Spiloptila clamans
INC
NO CHANGE
Sporopipes frontalis
INC
INC
Stephanoaetus coronatus
INC
INC
Strix woodfordii
INC
INC
Sylvietta brachyura
NO CHANGE
DEC
Tchagra minutus
INC
INC
Tchagra senegalus
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Telophorus multicolor
INC
INC
Telophorus sulfureopectus
NO CHANGE
DEC
Thalassornis leuconotus
INC
INC
Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris
DEC
DEC
Tockus fasciatus
INC
INC
Trachyphonus margaritatus
NO CHANGE
INC
Trachyphonus purpuratus
INC
NO CHANGE
Turdoides plebejus
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Uraeginthus bengalus
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Urocolius macrourus
INC
INC
Vanellus crassirostris
NO CHANGE
INC
Vanellus lugubris
INC
INC
Vanellus spinosus
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Vidua camerunensis
INC
INC
Vidua chalybeata
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Vidua interjecta
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE
Vidua larvaticola
INC
INC
Vidua paradisaea
INC
INC
Vidua raricola
INC
NO CHANGE
Vidua togoensis
INC
INC
Vidua wilsoni
NO CHANGE
NO CHANGE

The full description of the methodology used for this assessment can be downloaded here: Species Distribution Model